1I / ‘Oumuamua as N2 ice chip of exo-pluto surface. II. Generation of N2 ice fragments and origin of ‘Oumuamua

1I / ‘Oumuamua as N2 ice chip of exo-pluto surface. II. Generation of N2 ice fragments and origin of ‘Oumuamua

Status Report From: arXiv.org e-Print archive
Posted: Tuesday, March 23, 2021

Steven J. Desch, Alan P. Jackson

The origin of the interspecific object 1I / ‘Oumuamua, has been explained. In a companion paper (Jackson & Desch, 2021), we show that there would be a group of N2 ice with 45 mx 44 mx 7.5 m axes at the time of observation depending on the albedo, non-gravity acceleration, and lack of CO. see. or CO2 or dust. Here we show that the surface effects of Kuiper belt-like objects Pluto (KBOs) would have generated and extracted ~ 10 ^ 14 collision fragments – about half of them H2O ice fragments and half of them N2 ice fragments – such as as a result of the dynamic instability that reduced the primordial Kuiper belt. We show consistency between these numbers and how often we would view interstellar objects like 1I / ‘Oumuamua, and more comet-like products like 2I / Borisov, if other stellar systems add eliminate these efficient substances like the Sun; we conclude that differential KBOs and dynamic instability that disrupt impact-generated particles may be near-universal among extrasolar systems. Galactic cosmic rays would erode these particles over 4.5 Gyr, so that fragments are small fractions (~ 0.1%) of long-lived Oort comets, but C / 2016 R2 could be an example. We make out ‘Oumuamua was sent out about 0.4-0.5 Gyr ago, from a young stellar system (~ 10 ^ 8 yr), which we think was in Perseus’ arm. Things like ‘Oumuamua can directly examine the exoplanet-type surface results so far:“ exo-plutos ”. Oumuamua is probably the first exoplanet sample brought to us.

Comments: 29 pages, 1 figure. Companion to Jackson & Desch (2021), “1I / ‘Oumuamua as an N2 ice chip of exo-pluto surface. I. Size and performance limitations”

Subjects: Earth Astrophysics and Planning (astro-ph.EP)

Please quote as: arXiv: 2103.08812 [astro-ph.EP] (no arXiv: 2103.08812v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)

Application history

From: Steve Desch

[v1] Tuesday, 16 March 2021 02:50:31 UTC (3,321 KB)

https://arxiv.org/abs/2103.08812

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